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7 Prescription Drugs Linked to Birth Injuries

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Bottle of pills spilled on a table

It’s common knowledge that the use of illegal drugs and alcohol during pregnancy can cause serious developmental birth injuries. But, using certain prescription drugs while pregnant can also lead to similar injuries and disabilities. Lanier Law Group, P.A. is here to share some medications expecting mothers should avoid during and after their pregnancy.

Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

According to a study done by the CDC, researchers found that congenital disabilities occurred around two to three times more frequently among babies with mothers who took specific types of SSRIs, like paroxetine and fluoxetine, early on in their pregnancy. Researchers linked these drugs to injuries that affect the baby’s skull, heart, and abdominal wall.


Accutane, a common prescription medication for acne, has also been linked to congenital disabilities. The active ingredient called Isotretinoin has been reported to cause cleft palates, congenital heart defects, ear and eye problems, and intellectual disabilities later in life.

Anti-seizure medication

Researchers have found that several anti-seizure medications are connected to increased numbers of congenital disabilities like cleft lips, developmental delays, and organ abnormalities. If you are pregnant and suffer from chronic seizures, speak with your doctor to see what your options are, as some anti-seizure medication is safe for expecting mothers.


According to another study done by the CDC, researchers found a slightly increased risk for a few birth defects in correlation with the use of a benzodiazepine during pregnancy. If you are currently taking this medication and are pregnant, it is advised to speak with your doctor as coming off of the medication may be more harmful than continuing it.


While most well-known antibiotics are safe to use during pregnancy, some can be harmful to your baby. Antibiotics like nitrofurantoin, sulfonamides, and tetracyclines have been linked to cleft lips, skill malformation, and heart defects.


The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen and aspirin, increase the risk of the baby developing a cleft palate and Spinal Bifida. If you’re pregnant, call your doctor to see what other pain-relief options are available.


Fluconazole, an anti-fungal cream used to treat yeast and fungal infections, is unsafe for an unborn baby and can increase the risk of having a miscarriage. Even after birth, it’s advised to avoid using the drug while breastfeeding.

Birth Injury Lawyers

Unfortunately, sometimes our care falls into the hands of negligent doctors, and it can result in life-altering injuries. If your baby has suffered from birth injuries after being prescribed one of the medications listed above, you may have a case. Contact our birth injury lawyers today to see what options your family has.

Call us at (855) 757-4204 or visit our Contact Us page to schedule your free consultation.